Vernazza - Cinque Terre

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Vernazza (Vernassa in ligure, Vernasa in the local variant, Vulnetia in Latino) is an Italian town of 975 inhabitants of the province of Liguria Speziain. It is one of the renowned Cinque Terre. Il comune è stato recensito come uno dei borghi più belli d'Italia.

Physical Geography

Starting from the west is the second of the countries that make up the Cinque Terre, nestled in a bay between the towns of Monterosso al Mare eRiomaggiore, and also includes the next village of Corniglia, fraction thereof. Il territorio è anch'esso caratterizzato dai tipici terrazzamenti per la coltivazione della vite, uno stile morfologico realizzato nei secoli dall'uomo e che, according to an estimate, seems to have developed over 7000 miles of dry stone walls. The territory is part of the National Park of the Cinque Terre. It is bordered to the north by the municipalities of Pinion, Beverinoe Riccò del Golfo di Spezia, to the south is wet Dalmar Ligure, to the west with Pinion and Monterosso al Mare and east with Riccò del Golfo di Spezia and Riomaggiore. Is about 26 kilometers northwest of La Spezia and 109 kilometers east DiGenova. L'ente comunale è costituito dalle cinque frazionidi Corniglia, Drignana, Wall, Prevo and San Bernardino for a total of 12,28 square kilometers. Among the many hiking trails, that allow connection between the five villages of Cinque Terre, a sentiero boschivo, through the village of Box - Riccò in the municipality of La Spezia Gulf - and the seat of Cigoletta, marked with the number 7 dal CAI, allows the connection of the coast with the middle and lower Val di Vara. Sopra l'abitato di Vernazza, to share 325 meters above sea level, is the Shrine of Our Lady of Reggio.

Story

The origins of the name
According to some thesis now, l'origine deltoponimo deriverebbe dall'aggettivo latinoverna, translated as "indigenous" the "local"[6].
The first documented reports of Vernazza, which first castrum Cinque Terre, go back to an act of 1080 where is cited castrum Vernatio as a basis maritime Obertenghi - who were lords of Vernazza in the eleventh and twelfth centuries - and that most likely used the natural harbor as a point of departure of ships to defend against attacks by Saracen pirates and the first trade. Were the same as the Marquis to build in 1056 una prima postazione d'avvistamento e, all'occorrenza, defense. Con l'incrementare dei traffici commerciali e lo sviluppo della marina rientrò ben presto nell'orbita espansiva della Repubblica di Genova che fece di Vernazza una delle basi costiere principali per la "conquest" commercial, Territorial politics and especially the eastern Liguria. It followed the natural act of oath and allegiance to Genoa and its republic, agreement that was signed in 1209 between 88 breadwinners of the territory vernazzese. Nello stesso secolo s'insediarono i nuovi feudatari del borgo: From the pass and, from 1211, i Fieschi. Now politically tied to Genoa, in 1254 Nicolò Fieschi attempted to reconstitute the feud with lost possessions in the Gulf of La Spezia and in Val di Vara, but, after a short period of lordship over the land, had to give in 1276 all rights Genoa Area. Nella lotta contro Pisa venne realizzato un porto per l'approdo delle galee, only case in the Cinque Terre, thanks also to the particular conformation of the protected marina. To date, the military buildings remain defense, built by the Genoese, traces of walls, a bastion and lookout towers on the sea. Together with the territory was part of Riomaggiore, until the fall of the republic of Genoa, dell'omonima podesteria. With the new French rule from the fall of Napoleon Bonaparte 2 December 1797nel Department of the Gulf of Venus, with capital La Spezia, all'interno dellaRepubblica Ligure annessa al Primo Impero francese. From 28 aprile del 1798 with the new French law, Vernazza will return in the eighth canton, as capital, Jurisdiction of the Gulf of Venus. From 1803 was the main center of the third State of the Gulf of Venus in the Jurisdiction of the Gulf of Venus. From 13 June 1805 to the 1814 will be included in the Department of the Apennines. Il XIX secolo sarà inoltre il periodo che segnerà una nuova ripresa dell'attività economica legata alla produzione e all'esportazione del vino locale, trade that gradually declined in the seventeenth century (event is also recorded in other villages Levantine) and stagnated in the eighteenth century. In 1815 will be incorporated in the Kingdom of Sardinia, as well as establish the Congress of Viennadel 1814 for other municipalities in the Ligurian Republic, e successivamente nel Regno d'Italia dal 1861. From 1859 to the 1927 the territory was included in the sixth district of Levantodel Environment Levante part of the Province of Genoa and first, con l'istituzione nel 1923, of the Province of La Spezia then. The construction of the railway network in Vernazza and the Cinque Terre, tra la seconda metà e il finire dell'Ottocento, will shake the country from geographical and historical isolation; at the same time recorded, also, a substantial increase in population was not limited to overload the already exploited labor in the agricultural terraces and vineyards, affected by these diseases. He was then to create a migration, the early twentieth century, close to the centers and the capital break, soprattutto per l'ottimo sbocco professionale creato con la costruzione dell'arsenale militare. From 1973 to the 31 December 2008 he was a member of the Montana coast of La Spezia, quest'ultima soppressa con la Legge Regionale n° 24 of 4 July 2008 and in force since 1 January 2009. The 25 October 2011 a violent disturbance hit the eastern Liguria (bassa e media choices di Vara, Magra Valley and Cinque Terre) and the Lunigiana (province of Massa and Carrara) with flooding, damage, dead and missing at various locations in Liguria and Tuscany. Tra i comuni più colpiti c'è anche Vernazza dove le precipitazioni intense hanno provocato molteplici danni alle abitazioni e alle attività commerciali del centro storico e ai collegamenti ferroviari con le stazioni di Monterosso (north) and Corniglia (south); stessastazione the station was literally submerged by mud and debris.

Monumenti e luoghi d'interesse

Religious Architecture

  • Chiesa parrocchiale di Santa Margherita d'Antiochia nel capoluogo. Dedicata alla patrona del comune è un'importante testimonianza della scuola antelamica, started nel1318. Ha tre ampie navate perfettamente conservate nell'interno, ha un ingresso sul lato dell'abside e l'altare è orientato verso oriente. La torre è impostata sull'abside ed è di forma ottagonale, after a double crown of arches has a particolarerastremazione and ends with a pointed dome.
  • Church of St. Francis in the capital. Built in the seventeenth century to accommodate the Friars Minor, the church, deconsecrated, Today it is home to musical and theatrical, and exhibition spaces. L'annesso complesso conventuale è invece sede delmunicipio. On the right you can still see parts of the aims of the convent walls.
  • Parish Church of St. Peter the Apostle in the village of Corniglia, nel1354 built in Gothic and Baroque style.
  • Disciplinanti Oratory of Santa Caterina da Siena, in the village of Corniglia, built in the eighteenth century.
  • Santuario di Nostra Signora di Reggio nell'omonima località. To get to the sanctuary is to follow a paved path, along approximately 2 km, that part awayfrom the train and gets to the church square surrounded by ancient trees. The sanctuary is part, together at the shrine of Our Lady of Montenero aRiomaggiore, to the shrine of Our Lady of Health in Manarola, to the shrine of Our Lady of Grace in Corniglia and the Shrine of Our Lady of the Sea of ​​Soviore aMonterosso "Shrines of the Cinque Terre".
  • Shrine of Our Lady of Grace, in the village of San Bernardino, rehabilitation from a nineteenth-century chapel of late medieval origin. In the shrine is venerated a Madonna and Child.

Military architecture

  • Doria Castle, whose earliest records date back to the thirteenth century, ma si ritiene che il primo nucleo risalga all'XI secolo; The cylindrical tower, restored in the twentieth century, represents the oldest part of the fortification.
  • Belforte Bastion. The bastion, of quadrangular shape, is located just below the castle of Doria, presso l'imboccatura del porticciolo; the building could be built to the Genoese domination in the Middle Ages.
  • Torre di guardia e d'avvistamento, perhaps contemporary with the local castle, near the initial path to Corniglia.

Culture

Events

Every year in Vernazza is the traditional patronal feast of Saint Margaret of Antioch celebrated on 20 July. Durante il giorno banchetti nella via principale e alla sera fuochi d'artificio. Another tradition is the pirate festival, does not have an exact date and place from 22.00 on. La festa inizia con l'ingresso nel porticciolo di Vernazza da parte di pirati con tanto di simulazioni di sbarco, these appear accompanied by "Batebalengo" (percussion group) climb the country festival.[Citation]

Economy

Le principali risorse economiche del territorio vernazzolese sono indirizzate verso l'attivitàagricola e l'attività legata al turismo. In the agricultural sector is growing fine degliuliveti, of fruit trees (especially lemons) and of course the screw with a good production of local wines and the territory of the Cinque Terre.

Infrastructure and transport

Roads

Vernazza is located along the winding coastal road of the Cinque Terre. The municipality is not directly accessible by highway, pertanto il casello autostradale di La Spezia-Santo Stefano di Magra sulle autostrade A15 e A12 è l'uscita consigliata per raggiungere la destinazione.

Railways

Vernazza has its own railway station on the Tyrrhenian Genoa-Rome, the stretch between Genoa and La Spezia. For long-distance trains, the reference station is the nearest of La Spezia Centrale.

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